Spring Garden Market - Peppers for 2014

multi-colored peppersWe offer pepper seedlings from around the world at our Spring Garden Market - India, South America, Mexico, Africa, and more. (Please understand that some varieties listed may be unavailable or in short supply due to germination difficulties.)

Pepper Growing Tips

Color of fruit at maturity

B – Black , Br – Brown, G – Green, O – Orange, P – Purple, R – Red, W – White, Y – Yellow

Varieties marked 'TRIAL' are being offered for the first time this year.

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Sweet Bell

Variety Name Description
(from seed catalog)
Heat Color Origin
Canary (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Thick walled green peppers mature to bright yellow. Resistant to two strains of tobacco mosaic virus. 0 Y USA
Chocolate Beauty (OP)
C. annuum
Dark green bell peppers ripen to a beautiful chocolate brown. Same sweet flavor as red bells when fully ripe. Very productive. 0 Br USA
Coral (Orange) (OP)
C. annuum
Beautiful big bell peppers color up from green to bright orange at maturity. 0 O USA
Early Sunsation (Hybrid)
C. annuum
An early setting variety. Square-shaped bell that is sweetest when bright yellow. 0 Y USA
Garden Sunshine (OP)
C. annuum
High yielding variety, the fruit holds for weeks on the plant. Best eaten yellow or orange. 0 O,Y USA
Giallo di Cuneo (OP)
C. annuum
Large, sweet, square, yellow pepper. Pods have very thick walls & thin skin with great flavor. 0 Y Italy
Giallo d’Asti (OP)
C. annuum
Very large bell. Fruit is 6-7" long by 3½-4" wide. Thick walled, very sweet. 0 Y Italy
Gourmet (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Swiss variety, sweetest orange pepper. Typically produces 6 to 12 4-lobed fruits per plant. Bell-shaped fruit are 3" wide and 5" long. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus. 0 G,O USA
Karma (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Can produce four to five pods per plant on the first set. Large, heavy and blocky with smooth shoulders and thick walls, very sweet. 0 G,R USA
King of the North (OP)
C. annuum
Medium-sized green bell peppers ripen to a sweet red. Early variety is a good choice for areas with short, cool summers. 0 R USA
Mini Chocolate (OP)
C. annuum
Heirloom miniature chocolate bell from Ohio. Short, stocky 16" plants are covered with 2" fruits with 2-3 lobes, excellent sweet fresh flavor. 0 Br USA
Mini Red (OP)
C. annuum
Heirloom miniature red bell from Ohio. Short, stocky 16" plants are covered with 2" fruits with 2-3 lobes, excellent sweet fresh flavor. 0 R USA
Mini Yellow (OP)
C. annuum
Heirloom miniature yellow bell from Ohio. Short, stocky 16" plants are covered with 2" fruits with 2-3 lobes, excellent sweet fresh flavor. 0 Y USA
Orange Sun (OP)
C. annuum
Sweet bell pepper with excellent taste. Bright orange, blocky pods are 4-5" long 0 O USA
Purple Beauty (OP)
C. annuum
Large, 4-lobed, thick-walled meaty, tender-crisp texture, mild sweet flavor. Holds in purple stage for some time before ripening to a deep purple-red. Dehybridization of Purple Belle. 0 P USA
Quadrato d’Asti Rosso (OP)
C. annuum
Very large bell pepper, square-shaped with sweet, thick flesh. This variety is very disease resistant. 0 R Italy
Red Beauty (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Good yields of 4" long by 4" wide sweet bell peppers. Peppers turn from green to red when mature. Excellent for salads, stuffing, gourmet dishes. Resistant to tobacco mosaic virus. 0 R USA
Sweet Goliath (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Massive 4-lobed fruits that grow 4" wide by 7" long. Ripen from green to dark red. 0 R USA
Wisconsin Lakes (OP)
C. annuum
Early maturing bell red pepper developed at the University of Wisconsin. Sweet, thick walled, 4-6 oz. fruits, good yields. 0 R USA

Sweet Non-bell

Variety Name Description
(from seed catalog)
Heat Color Origin
Apple (OP)
C. annuum
Sweet and fruity thick walled fruit. Great eaten just like an apple. Best when red. Avg. 4" top-shaped fruits on medium plants that yield well. 0 G,R USA
Buran (OP)
C. annuum
Extremely sweet and productive Polish heirloom with great flavor. Medium-sized plants produce 3-lobed, 4" by 3" fruits that are almost equally sweet when either green or red. 0 R Poland
Carmen (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Early and beautiful Italian bull's horn-style fruit. 6 in. long and 2 1/2 in. wide shoulders tapering to a point. Very sweet when ripened to red with medium-thick flesh. 0 R USA
Chervena Chushka (OP)
C. annuum
Bulgarian heirloom traditionally for roasting, but also great fresh. Tapered fruits are 2" by 6" long, ripen from green to brown to red, very sweet, almost candy-like. Highly productive. 0 R Bulgaria
Corno di Toro Giallo (OP)
C. annuum
Shaped like a bull’s horn. Pods are 6" to 10" long and 1½" wide. Ripens to bright yellow color. 0 Y Italy
Corno di Toro Rosso (OP)
C. annuum
Shaped like a bull’s horn. Pods are 6" to 10" long and 1½" wide. Ripens to deep red color. 0 R Italy
Cuollarici (OP)
C. annuum
Large curled pod from Tricarico, great for fried peppers. An MG favorite. 0 G,R Italy
Feher Ozon (OP)
C. annuum
Excellent for container growing, early gardens, and cool areas. The conical-shaped pods are 4" long by 3" wide and are borne in clusters. 0 O Hungary
Gentle Giant Goliath (Hybrid)
C. annuum
A cubanelle hybrid that matures early. Fruits are 7" to 7-1/2" long & 2-1/2" wide. Ripen from light green to red. Plants are resistant to three races of bacterial spot disease. 0 G,R USA
Goccia d’Oro (OP)
C. annuum
An excellent frying pepper. About 6" long with a thin skin. Yellow green turning yellowish-red when full ripe. Prolific and an early season variety. 0 R,Y Italy
Golden Treasure (OP)
C. annuum
Italian heirloom with beautiful, sweet golden-yellow peppers is excellent for frying, roasting and fresh eating. Large tapered 9" fruit. 0 Y Italy
Gypsy (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Early hybrid, heavy producer, plants to 18". Very tasty ancho shape fruit. TMV resistant. 60 days from transplant 0 G,R USA
Jimmy Nardello (OP)
C. annuum
Large sweet fryer and very popular Italian sweet. 0 G,R Italy/USA
Lipstick (OP)
C. annuum
Sweet, thin-walled, 4" long and tapered to a blunt point. Dark red at maturity. The plants are productive and relatively early producing. 0 R USA
Lombardo (OP)
C. annuum
5-6" long, ¾-1" wide. Very thin skin. Pick green. Suitable for frying. 0 G,R Italy
Marconi Golden (OP)
C. annuum
Big, 7-9" long pods. Very sweet, great for grilling, frying, or eating fresh. Yellow/orange color. A frequent taste test winner. 0 Y Italy
Marconi Rosso (OP)
C. annuum
Like Marconi Golden, but red. Big, 7-9" long pods. Very sweet, great for grilling or frying or consuming fresh. A frequent taste test winner. 0 R Italy
Napoleatano (Friggitello) (OP)
C. annuum
About 5" long, tapered, with thin skin and very sweet. Recommended to pick when green. Excellent fried. 0 G,R Italy
Napoleon Sweet (OP)
C. annuum
Peppers are 8" long and sweet as apples. Very productive bearing fruit until frost. Good flavor green but sweeter when red. 0 G,R Italy
Red Belgian (OP)
C. annuum
Wedge-shaped peppers are 3 1/2" long, early and high yielding. Starts out a pale yellow, then slowly turns red. Very sweet and rich in taste. This is a family heirloom from Belgium. 0 R Belgium
Red Cheese (OP)
C. annuum
Candy-sweet, round, flat, 3", pimento-type peppers that have thick, red flesh, great for stuffing or fresh eating. Very productive plants. Once used to color cheese. 0 R Spain
Romanian Gogosari (OP)
C. annuum
Peppers are sweet and full flavored. Mature to red. A prolific producer. 0 R Romania
Tollies Sweet (OP)
C. annuum
Sweet, red Italian heirloom, great for fresh eating, canning, tomato sauces. Large, dependable yields of 4-5" long tapered fruits. 0 R Italy
Topepo Rosso (OP)
C. annuum
Very sweet, 2½" round dark red fruit. The flesh is very thick and crisp. A taste-test favorite. 0 R Italy

Mild

Variety Name Description
(from seed catalog)
Heat Color Origin
Ancho / Poblano (OP)
C. annuum
Pods are 5-7" long and about 2¾" wide. The fresh pods are called poblano, and ancho refers to the dried form. A traditional stuffing pepper. 3 G,R Mexico
Baby Pepper Chilli (OP)
C. annuum
Cherry type with 1-1½" diameter. Large 3' high bush. Fruit is very uniform, pungent and ideal for pickling. 2 R South Africa
Beaver Dam (OP)
C. annuum
Hungarian heirloom brought to Beaver Dam, Wisconsin in 1929. Fruits ripen from lime-green to red. Used for stuffed peppers. 3 G,R Hungary
Belecskai (OP)
C. annuum
Pods are tapered, about 4" long, greenish-yellow colored. Thick-walled fruit. Very tasty. Hungarian variety. 2 R Hungary
Black Hungarian (OP)
C. annuum
The 3-4" long fruit has the same shape as a jalapeño. Color changes to blackish-red at maturity. Pods have a delicious flavor. 1 B Hungary
Golden Greek (OP)
C. annuum
Usually picked and pickled in the yellow stage. A very productive variety. Pods are 2-4" long with a thin, green wrinkled skin. Classic sandwich garnish as "pepperoncini." 3 G Greece
Holy Mole (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Salvatierra under new name. Hybrid pasilla-type pepper with good weight, length and diameter. Uniform fruits mature from dark green to a chocolate color. Strong plant produces early. 3 B,G USA
Hungarian Yellow Wax (OP)
C. annuum
Thick-walled, tapered, about 6" long. Pick yellow for firmer bite or let mature to bright red for more succulent flavor. Great for stuffing or grilling and are excellent for pickling. 3 R,Y Hungary
Jalapeño TAM (OP)
C. annuum
Developed by Texas A&M University. Has standard jalapeño flavor with much milder heat. 2 G,R USA
Mariachi (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Rio de Oro under new name. New U.S. bred variety. The fruit have wide shoulders and thick walls. Pods are 4" long and tapered in shape. Matures from golden yellow to red. 3 R,Y USA
NuMex Big Jim (OP)
C. annuum
Big Jim is a popular variety. Pods are very large, 8-10" long and about 2" in width. The pods are thick-walled. Great taste. An MG favorite. 2 G,R USA
NuMex Suave Orange (OP)
C. chinense
Developed at New Mexico State University. Habanero-type flavor but much less heat. Has a citrus-like taste. Orange at maturity. 3 O USA
NuMex Suave Red (OP)
C. chinense
Developed at New Mexico State University. Habanero-type flavor but much less heat. Has a citrus-like taste. Red at maturity. 3 R USA
Padrón (OP)
C. annuum
Wonderful pepper from Padrón in Spain. Wrinkled pods are picked small and green. Often eaten fried and garnished with kosher sea salt as a tapas. 2 G Spain
Peri Dot (OP)
C. bacatuum
The bell-shaped pods are bright orange and very thick walled. Excellent flavor. Plant has a long growing season, and can be used as an ornamental. 1 O South America
Piquillo (OP)
C. annuum
Produces good yields of 3" long by 1½" wide peppers. Peppers turn from green to bright red when mature. Excellent stuffed, sautéed, or pickled. 3 R Spain
Shishito (OP)
C. annuum
Plant produces high yields of 2 ¼" long by ½" wide mild peppers. Peppers turn from green to red when mature. Similar in preparation and flavor to Pimiento de Padròns. 2 G Japan
Spanish Spice (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Dark green pods have a tapered shape, about 7" long and 1½" wide. Thin walled, and mild heat. Excellent for grilling. 2 G,R Spain
Szentesi (OP)
C. annuum
4-5" long by 1½-2" wide with a pointed bottom. Thick flesh. Matures from yellow to orange to red. 2 R Hungary

Hot

Variety Name Description
(from seed catalog)
Heat Color Origin
Aji Amarillo (OP)
C. baccatum
Popular South American variety. Pods are tapered, about 5" long by 1¼" wide. The shiny, greenish yellow fruit ripen to orange. Consume fresh or dried. 7 O Bolivia
Aji Chinchi-Amarillo (OP)
C. baccatum
Similar to Aji Amarillo, but is lighter in color and about half the pod length. The pods tend to mature about a month earlier. 7 Y Bolivia
Aji Cristal (OP)
C. baccatum
Waxy pods are 3-3½" long. They turn from light green to red when mature. The pods are good to eat when green when they have a hot citrus flavor. 6 R Chile
Big Bomb (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Round pods are 2" in diameter. Matures to dark red color. Fleshy fruit is ideal for pickling. Fruit has a sweet, hot flavor. 5 R USA
Bulgarian Carrot (OP)
C. annuum
Extremely productive 18" tall plants. Fruit ripens from green to yellow-orange, quite hot. Crunchy flesh, adds color and texture to chutneys and salsas. Excellent when roasted. 8 O Bulgaria
Cornaletto Calabrese Piccante (OP)
C. annuum
From Calabrese region of southern Italy. Fruit are deep red and 5-6" long. Excellent taste. 5 R Italy
Cyklon (OP)
C. annuum
Red hot Polish pepper. Tapered fruits are 5" long. Used extensively by the spice industry in Poland for dryig due to its thin flesh. 5 R Poland
De Arbol (OP)
C. annuum
Plant produces good yields of 3" long by ½" wide hot peppers. Peppers turn from green to red when mature. 7 R Mexico
Espelette (OP)
C. annuum
From Basque region of France. The fruits are conical shaped and 3-4" long. They are red when mature. Good dried. 5 R Spain
Fish (OP)
C. annuum
Pre-1870s African-American heirloom. Beautiful variegated foliage. 2-3" long variegated fruits ripen from striped to all red. Traditionally used in Maryland oyster and crab houses. 6 R Africa
Georgia Flame (OP)
C. annuum
From the Republic of Georgia. Plants grow 24" tall and produce heavily over a long period. Fruits are 2" at the shoulder by 6-8" long. Thick, crunchy flesh. Excellent for salsas. 8 R Rep. of Georgia
Hangzhou (Hybrid)
C. annuum
A pasilla-type pepper. Long hooked pepper with thick flesh. Great for roasting and stir-frying. Developed in the area of Hangzhou near Shanghai. 6 G,R China
Hot Portugal (OP)
C. annuum
Sturdy upright plants produce heavy yields early in the growing season. Glossy vivid red elongated fruits grow 6" or longer. 5 R Portugal
Indian Jwala (OP)
C. annuum
Plant produces heavy yields of 4" long, slender, wrinkled peppers. Most popular pepper in India. Very ornamental with peppers in all stages of ripening. 8 R India
Jalapeño (OP)
C. annuum
High yielding jalapeño. Hot, thick-walled. Turns from green to red when mature. Best harvested when green. Excellent for making salsa and pickling. 5 G,R Mexico
Lapid (Hybrid)
C. annuum
Long mid-width thick-fleshed pepper from the Middle East. Lovely as a roasted pepper. Becomes dramatically hotter as you eat from the tip to the stem. 5 G,R Israel
Martin’s Carrot (OP)
C. frutescens
Rare heirloom pepper from Pennsylvania. Bushy plants about 2 1/2 feet tall. 3 – 3 1/2" pods really look like carrots when ripening. 6 O USA
NuMex Barker’s Hot (OP)
C. annuum
Developed at New Mexico State University. Pods are tapered in shape, 5-7" long. May be eaten when red or green. Very tasty. 5 R USA
Peruvian Purple (OP)
C. frutescens
Striking plant that is completely purple, foliage and all, with upright deep purple fruits that turn red when mature. 8 P Peru
Rocoto/Manzano Orange (OP)
C. pubescens
The purple flowers, long, hairy stems, and jet-black seeds make this an unusual variety. The thick-walled pods are apple-shaped and are about 2" across. 8 O Bolivia
Rocoto/Manzano Red (OP)
C. pubescens
The purple flowers, long, hairy stems, and jet-black seeds make this an unusual variety. The thick-walled pods are apple-shaped and are about 2" across. 8 R Bolivia
Rooster Spur (OP)
C. annuum
Rare heirloom pepper traditionally used to make Rooster Pepper Sausage. 24" tall plants are loaded with 1 1/2" fruits. Very nice for pots. 8 R USA
Santa Fe Grande (OP)
C. annuum
Conical blunt-tipped fruits, 1½" by 3½" long, medium-thick walls. Ripens from yellow to orange to red. Sturdy 24" tall plants, heavy yields. Good for pickling, canning & salsa. 6 R,Y USA
Serrano (OP)
C. annuum
Pods are about 3" long x ¾" in diameter. Round and tapered at the bottom. Dark green initially, they turn red at maturity. Excellent taste. 7 G,R Mexico
Wenk’s Yellow Hots (OP)
C. annuum
Medium hot heirloom pepper with thick, waxy yellow walls, ripening to bright orange and then to red, 2-4" long, blunt tipped fruits. A great variety for canning and pickling. 6 Y USA

Extremely Hot

Variety Name Description
(from seed catalog)
Heat Color Origin
Bhut Jolokia (OP)
C. chinense x frutescens
Extremely hot pepper from India, aka ‘Ghost pepper.’ Light green pods turn red when mature. Much variability in plants & pods. 10 R India
Chiltepin, Tepin (OP)
C. annuum
From Sonora region of Mexico. Pods are 1/4 - 3/8" long by 1/4 - 3/8" wide. Upright fruit have thin flesh. Matures from green to red. 9 R Mexico
Fatali (OP)
C. annuum
Sturdy plants 24-30" tall loaded with habanero-type, 1" wide by 3" long top-shaped golden-yellow fruits. Excellent citrusy flavor, very hot. Very few seeds. Excellent choice for pots. 10 Y Mexico
Habenero (OP)
C. chinense
Classic distinctive habanero flavor, fruity & fiery. Pods ripen from light green to bright orange-red. 10 O Jamaica
Hinkelhatz Red (OP)
C. annuum
Heirloom from the Pennsylvania Dutch. Traditionally used extensively for pickling and making pepper vinegar. Ripens from green to red, fruits measure ¾" wide by 1½-2" long. 8 R USA
Hinkelhatz Yellow (OP)
C. annuum
Heirloom from the Pennsylvania Dutch. Traditionally used extensively for pickling and pepper vinegar. Ripens from green to yellow, fruits measure ¾" wide by ½-2" long. 8 Y USA
NuMex Twilight (OP)
C. annuum
Edible and also an ornamental plant. Suitable for containers. Upright-growing pods start out purple then turn yellow, orange and finally red, and are about 1" long. 9 O,R,Y USA
Santaka (OP)
C. annuum
A Japanese variety. Pods are approximately 2½" long. Ripens from green to red. Fruit grows upwards in large clusters. Very productive. 9 R Japan
Squash Red (5 in 1) (OP)
C. chinense
Irregularly shaped with 3-4 lobes with a bonnet shape. This variety is a heavy producer with 5 different shapes of fruits on one plant. Great habanero taste. 10 R Jamaica
Surajmukhi (OP)
C. annuum
Small fruits, 1/4" across and 1" long are borne upright. Bright red and very hot. From East India. 9 R India
Thai Hot Black (OP)
C. annuum
Productive medium-walled pods are tapered, about 1-1/2" - 2" long. Pods grow upright covered in fine hairs giving the plant a silver look. Dark green/black pods mature to bright red. 9 B,R Thailand
Thai Hot Orange (OP)
C. annuum
Heavy producer of 2" to 2-1/2" long finger-shaped peppers that turn bright orange when mature. Beautiful and ornamental as well as being great for cooking and drying. 9 O Thailand
Thai Hot Red (OP)
C. annuum
Very productive variety. Medium-walled pods are tapered and pointed at the bottom, about 1½-2" long. Pods grow upright. Dark red at maturity. 9 R Thailand
Trinidad Scorpion Pepper (OP)
C. chinense
TRIAL: Unique pod shape with a scorpion tail, though some percentage will more closely resemble Bhut Jolokia (Ghost pepper). As hot or hotter than Bhut Jolokia! 10 R Trinidad
Zimbabwe Bird (OP)
C. annuum
Plant produces good yields of 1" long by ¼" wide pods. Fruit grows upwards on plant. Initially light green, then orange, and finally red when mature. 9 R Zimbabwe